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Toxicological Effects of Antifouling Agents on Non-Target Marine Species

Publication number Date Published
23-04-066 November 2023
VIEW NOW Toxicological Effects of Antifouling Agents on Non-Target Marine Species (Number of pages: 59) (Publication Size: 2517KB)

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Author(s) Ali Mahmoodi; Xianming Shi; Washington State University
Description This review provides a comprehensive analysis of the toxicological impact of commonly used biocidal agents on marine wildlife, with a focus on commercial marine species. Biocidal agents covered in the review include DCOIT/Sea-Nine 211, Tralopyril/Econea, zinc, and copper-based agents. This work addresses knowledge gaps by synthesizing the current understanding of long-term effects of biocidal exposure, the mechanisms of toxicity, and the comparative toxicity of different compounds.
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Keywords invertebrates, toxics, toxic chemicals, marine waters, literature review, toxic, zinc, salmon, marina, copper, boatyard, antifouling paint, DCOIT, Sea-Nine 211, biocides, Econea, Tralopyril
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DISCLAIMER This material was not produced by the Department of Ecology, but is directly related to the agency's work.