Grand Street Commons
1750 22nd Ave S, Seattle, WA 98144

Aerial view of Grand Street Commons Cleanup Site
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CURRENT STATUS


CURRENT STATUS

Updated July 2021



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 Cleanup actions for this site have begun. These include:

• Excavation and disposal of PCE -contaminated soil in the northwest portion of the West Block to an approximate depth of 30 feet bgs. 
          
• Performing in situ treatment of chlorinated solvent -contaminated shallow groundwater using chemical reduction on the West Block and Rainier Ave S to achieve proposed cleanup levels. 
            
• Excavation and disposal of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated soil on the East and West Blocks to an approximate depth of 15 feet below ground surface (bgs).
      
• Performing in situ treatment of petroleum hydrocarbon -, and 1,4 dioxane-contaminated shallow groundwater using chemical oxidation on East and West Blocks to achieve proposed cleanup levels.
           
• Capping of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated soil beneath a portion of 22nd Ave S.
         
• Capping of cadmium- and lead-contaminated soil at the South Block.
         
• Monitored natural attenuation of shallow groundwater until proposed cleanup levels are achieved.
           
• Implementation of institutional controls environmental covenant to restrict soil disturbance and/or prohibit groundwater use until proposed cleanup levels are achieved.


 The groundwater treatment injections began in June. Excavation is planned to begin in late summer 2021.


Conceptual layout of cleanup actions. Graphic credit: Aspect Consulting 2021.
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SITE INFORMATION

Grand Street Commons, LLC purchased this area to be redeveloped as a transit-oriented mix of affordable and market rate housing near the planned Judkins Park Link Light Rail Station. The development will include approximately 314 units of affordable housing as well as 420 market rate apartments. The redevelopment will include some retail space and underground parking.

Site Location

The Grand Street Commons Site is located in the Judkins Park neighborhood of Seattle.  The Site consists of 17 King County parcels totaling about 3.3 acres, divided into three areas: the West Block, the East Block, and the South Block (see above figure).

Site History

The Site has been used for manufacturing, commercial dry cleaning and vehicle repair and painting. Over the last several decades, businesses operating there released hazardous substances into soil and groundwater.

Belshaw Brothers, Inc. (BBI) operated a commercial facility that produced bakery and restaurant equipment from 1924-2000’s. The facility included a paint building, welding shop, an on-site foundry used for aluminum parts casting, warehouses, production buildings, and an unpaved parking lot. At least three underground storage tanks (USTs) released petroleum products to the soil that migrated to and impacted shallow groundwater at the Site.

The parcel in the northwest corner of West Block was occupied by multiple commercial and light industrial facilities from the early 1950s to the present. Penthouse Drapery Cleaners (Penthouse) occupied this parcel for a commercial dry cleaning operation from the 1980’s through the mid-1990’s. From 1998-2020 Seattle Collision Center, which operated a vehicle repair and painting business, occupied the former Penthouse property. In 2018 Penthouse performed an independent cleanup through Ecology’s Voluntary Cleanup Program (project #NW2278) by conducting an interim action.  Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH) was used to remove some of the chlorinated solvents from soil and groundwater on the West Block.

Contamination

Operations from the former drycleaner and former manufacturing led to contaminated soil and groundwater in many areas of the Site. Some contaminants also released vapors into the air. During the remedial investigation, the following contaminants of concern (COCs) were identified for soil and shallow groundwater at the Site above the state Cleanup levels:       

• Soil: Total Petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) in the gasoline range (TPH-G), diesel-range hydrocarbons (TPH-D), cadmium, lead, and trichloroethene (PCE)      

• Groundwater: PCE, trichloroethene (TCE), vinyl chloride (VC), 1,4-dioxane, gasoline range (TPH-G), diesel-range hydrocarbons (TPH-D), benzene, xylenes, and arsenic
       
These contaminants were found at levels that exceed allowable standards under the state’s cleanup law, the Model Toxics Control Act (MTCA Chapter 70.015D RCW), and therefore must be addressed during the cleanup action. Cis-1,2-dichloroethene was also found in the groundwater but at concentrations below applicable cleanup levels under MTCA.


GENERAL CLEANUP PROCESS

The Model Toxics Control Act (MTCA; Chapter 70.105D RCW is Washington’s environmental cleanup law). It provides requirements for contaminated site cleanup and sets standards that protect human health and the environment. Ecology enacts the MTCA and oversees cleanups. The MTCA site cleanup process is completed in steps (see graphic below) over a variable timeline. 


Please click on the photo for a larger view


 

Map showing site location as King County, WA SITE INFORMATION

Map

View Electronic Documents

Cleanup Site Details Report

Facility Site ID: # 97763114

Cleanup Site ID: 3018

Location:
Seattle, King County

Status: Cleanup Started   Get definitions of Status terminology

Contacts:
Sandra Matthews
Site Manager
(206) 594-0111

Kelsey Ketcheson
Public Involvement Coordinator
(206) 594-0125


Document Repositories:

Northwest Regional Office
15700 Dayton Ave N
Shoreline, 98133
(206)594-0016